Some cool liquid diet weight loss images:
5 weeks before weight-loss surgery
Image by Lorelei92950
I was heavier than ever before in my life and MISERABLE. My sugar was complete out of control as well. Incredibly I would gain 6 more pounds before I started the 10 day liquid pre-surgery diet
Seed pods ( fruits ) of Hibiscus cannabinus, Deccan Hemp ….Trái của cây Đay Cách, Kê-náp ….
Image by Vietnam Plants & The USA. plants
Vietnamese named : Kê-náp, Đay Cách
English names : Kenaf (Persian origin), Deccan Hemp, Java Jute, Brown Indian Hemp.
Scientist name : HibiscuS cannabinus L.
Synonyms : Abelmoschus verrucusus, Hibiscus verrucusus
Family : Malvaceae. Họ Bông Bụp
Searched from :
**** Y HỌC CỔ TRUYỀN TUỆ TĨNH
Kê náp – Hibiscus cannabinus L., thuộc họ Bông – Malvaceae.
Mô tả: Cây thảo mọc hằng năm cao đến 3,5m, ít nhánh hay có khi không nhánh do trồng sít nhau; thân có gai nhỏ, hay không có. Lá có phiến to 10-15cm, thường chia 3-5 thuỳ, gần như không lông; cuống dài. Hoa đơn độc ở nách lá; lá đài phụ 7-10, cao 7-10mm; tràng trắng hay ngà, đỏ đậm ở giữa. Quả nang tròn, có lông nằm vàng; hạt bóng, màu nâu.
Ra hoa quả quanh năm.
Bộ phận dùng: Lá, hạt – Folium et Semen Hibisci Cannabini.
Nơi sống và thu hái: Gốc ở Phi châu, được trồng để lấy sợi.
Thành phần hoá học: Hạt chứa dầu béo giống như dầu Lạc, có radium, thorium, rubidium. Cánh hoa chứa glucosid cannabiscitrin và flavonol cannabiscetin.
Tính vị, tác dụng: Hạt kích dục, làm béo. Lá có vị chua, có tác dụng kiện vị, xổ.
Công dụng: Dịch lá lẫn đường và Hồ tiêu dùng trong thiểu năng mật với độ chua mạnh. Hạt dùng ngoài đắp vết thương đau và bầm giập. Vỏ thân dùng để làm dây và làm nguyên liệu dệt bao tải và lưới đánh cá; hạt ép dầu dùng để chế xà phòng.
Kenaf [Etymology: Persian], Hibiscus cannabinus, is a plant in the Malvaceae family. Hibiscus cannabinus is in the genus Hibiscus and is probably native to southern Asia, though its exact natural origin is unknown. The name also applies to the fibre obtained from this plant. Kenaf is one of the allied fibres of jute and shows similar characteristics. Other names include Bimli, Ambary, Ambari Hemp, Deccan Hemp, and Bimlipatum Jute.It is labelled as Gongoora in Indian, Korean, American food and groceries chains in the United States. Gongoora is from Telugu. For Telugus it is a favourite food leaf. It is cooked with daal and eaten as saag. They even prepare a kind of pickle with the leaves that lasts for one or two years. It is said to be rich in Iron.
It is an annual or biennial herbaceous plant (rarely a short-lived perennial) growing to 1.5-3.5 m tall with a woody base. The stems are 1–2 cm diameter, often but not always branched. The leaves are 10–15 cm long, variable in shape, with leaves near the base of the stems being deeply lobed with 3-7 lobes, while leaves near the top of the stem are shallowly lobed or unlobed lanceolate. The flowers are 8–15 cm diameter, white, yellow, or purple; when white or yellow, the centre is still dark purple. The fruit is a capsule 2 cm diameter, containing several seeds.
Kenaf is cultivated for its fibre in India, Bangladesh, United States of America, Indonesia, Malaysia, South Africa, Viet Nam, Thailand, parts of Africa, and to a small extent in southeast Europe. The stems produce two types of fibre, a coarser fibre in the outer layer (bast fibre), and a finer fibre in the core. It matures in 100 to 200 days. Kenaf was grown in Egypt over 3000 years ago. The kenaf leaves were consumed in human and animal diets, the bast fibre was used for bags, cordage, and the sails for Egyptian boats. This crop was not introduced into southern Europe until the early 1900s. Today, principal farming areas are China, India, and it is also grown in many other countries such as the US, Mexico and Senegal.
The main uses of kenaf fibre have been rope, twine, coarse cloth (similar to that made from jute), and paper. In California, Texas, Louisiana and Mississippi 3,200 acres (13 km²) of kenaf were grown in 1992, most of which was used for animal bedding and feed.
Uses of kenaf fibre include engineered wood, insulation, clothing-grade cloth, soil-less potting mixes, animal bedding, packing material, and material that absorbs oil and liquids. It is also useful as cut bast fibre for blending with resins for plastic composites, as a drilling fluid loss preventative for oil drilling muds, for a seeded hydromulch for erosion control. Kenaf can be made into various types of environmental mats, such as seeded grass mats for instant lawns and moldable mats for manufactured parts and containers. Panasonic has set up a plant in Malaysia to manufacture kenaf fibre boards and export them to Japan.
Kenaf seed oil
Kenaf seeds yield a vegetable oil that is edible with no toxins. The kenaf seed oil is also used for cosmetics, industrial lubricants and for biofuel production. Kenaf oil is high in omega polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) which are now known to help in keeping humans healthy. Kenaf seed oil contains a high percentage of linoleic acid (Omega-6) a polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA). Linoleic acid (C18:2) is the dominant PUFA, followed by oleic acid (C18:1). Alpha-linolenic acid (C18:3) is present in 2 to 4 percent. The PUFAs are essential fatty acids for normal growth and health. Furthermore, they are important for reducing cholesterol and heart diseases.
Kenaf Seed oil is 20.4% of the total seed weight which is similar to cotton seed. Kenaf Edible Seed Oil Contains:
Palmitic acid: 19.1%
Oleic acid: 28.0% (Omega-9)
Linoleic acid: 45% (Omega-6)
Stearic acid: 3.0%
Alpha-linolenic acid: 3% (Omega-3)
The use of Kenaf in paper production offers various environmental advantages over producing paper from trees. In 1960, the USDA surveyed more than 500 plants and selected kenaf as the most promising source of "tree-free" newsprint. In 1970, kenaf newsprint produced in International Paper Company’s mill in Pine Bluff, Arkansas, was successfully used by six U.S. newspapers. Printing and writing paper made from the fibrous kenaf plant has been offered in the United States since 1992. Again in 1987, a Canadian mill produced 13 rolls of kenaf newsprint which were used by four U.S. newspapers to print experimental issues. They found that kenaf newsprint made for stronger, brighter and cleaner pages than standard pine paper with less detriment to the environment. Due partly to kenaf fibres being naturally whiter than tree pulp, less bleaching is required to create a brighter sheet of paper. Hydrogen peroxide, an environmentally-safe bleaching agent that does not create dioxin, has been used with much success in the bleaching of kenaf.
Various reports suggest that the energy requirements for producing pulp from kenaf are about 20 percent less than those for wood pulp, mostly due to the lower lignin content of kenaf. Many of the facilities that now process Southern pine for paper use can be converted to accommodate kenaf.
An area of 1-acre (4,000 m2) of kenaf produces 5 to 8 tons of raw plant bast and core fibre in a single growing season. In contrast, 1-acre (4,000 m2) of forest (in the US) produces approximately 1.5 to 3.5 tons of usable fibre per year. It is estimated that growing kenaf on 5,000 acres (20 km²) can produce enough pulp to supply a paper plant having a capacity of 200 tons per day. Over 20 years, 1-acre (4,000 m2) of farmland can produce 10 to 20 times the amount of fiber that 1-acre (4,000 m2) of Southern pine can produce.
As one of the world’s important natural fibres, kenaf is covered by the International Year of Natural Fibres 2009.
**** PHILIPPINE MEDICINAL PLANTS
Family • Malvaceae
A las doce
Hibiscus cannabinus Linn.
BROWN INDIAN HEMP
Herb with smooth and prickly stems. Lower leavers are entire and heart-shaped; upper ones are deeply palmately-lobed. Sepals are bristly, lanceolate and connate below the middle, with a gland at the back of each. Corolla is large, spreading, yellow with a crimson center. Capsules are rounded and bristly. Seeds are smooth.
Found in the Bontoc and Pangasinan provinces and in Manila.
Chemical constituents and characteristics
Seeds yield 23.5% fixed oil.
Whole plant has abundant polysaccharides, 9.7%; starch, dextrin, pectin, tannin, phosphatide, protein.
Leaves and flowers.
Leaves used as purgative.
Infusion used for coughs.
Flowers used for biliousness and constipation.
Seeds yield an oild used externally for pains and bruises; and internally as an aphrodisiac.
In India and Africa, used for blood and throat disorders, bilious condtions, fever and puerperium.
Cultivated for its fiber.
Leaves used as a pot-herb.
• Haematinic Activity: Study on hemolytic anemic rats induced by phenylhydrazine showed the leaf extract of H cannabinus induced a significant increase in RBC count, Hb concentration and pack cell volume. Results suggest H cannabinus leaves may have hematinic properties.
• Phytochemicals / Fungitoxic Activity: Essential leaf oil characterized 58 components, among them: (E)-phytol, (Z)-phytol, n-nonanal, benzene acetaldehyde, (E)-2-hexenal and 5-methylfurfural as major constituents. Oil had antifungal activity against Colletrotrichum fragariae, C gloeosporioides and C accutatum.
• Antioxidant Activity: Study results suggest that the leaves of H cannabinus possess erythrocyte protective activity against drug induced (carbon-tetrachloride or paracetamol) oxidative stress.
• Immunomodulatory: Study showed crude extract of H cannabinus fresh leaves significant suppressed TNF-a production and mRNA expression of IL-3 and IL-12, with induction of expression of a potent cytoprotective molecule. Results suggest that H cannabinus may be able to modulate macrophage-mediated responses.
• Hepatoprotective: Aqueous leaf extract showed significant hepatoprotective activity against carbon tetrachloride and paracetamol induced damage evidenced by absence of necrosis in liver cells of pretreated rats. Inhibition of lipid peroxidation is suggested as a possible mechanism.